Kauai is the northernmost and geological oldest main island of the Hawaiian archipelago. It carries the nickname “Garden Isle” because of magnificient emerald valleys, steep rugged cliffs, and tall tropical falls.
On a size of over 560 square miles (1,450 qkm2) visitors encounter a jaw dropping red dirt canyon, beautiful tropical vegetation, cascading waterfalls, pitoresque villages, and a breathtaking endless wild coastline with secluded beaches. Some say this island comes as close to Garden Eden as people can imagine.
Like all other islands a volcano formed Kauai. About 10 milion years ago Olokele started to erupt and around 6 milion years ago started to accumulate landmass. By today the old volcano eroded down to two main peaks Wai’ale’ale and Kawaikini and to a crater, the home of Alaka’i Swamp. The Swamp is the largest high-elevation swamp in the world and includes the Waimea River. Kawaikini forms the highest peak on the island with 5,243 feet (1,598 m) and Wai’ale’ale is known as one of the wettest places on earth.
The island’s center is located in Lihue, embedding the island’s main airport. The town is located in the Southeast and home of the county seat.
Besides the human residents the island is populated with thousands of chicken and roasters whose ancestors came to the islands as foodsource of Polynesian settlers. Anyone afraid of chicken should reconsider his/her Kauai visit since the chicken dominate the area starting from the airport to the furthest corner on the island.